Journal of Medical and Surgical Intensive Care Medicine 2018 , Vol 9, Issue 3
Association Between Anxiety and Depression and Needs of Patient Families in Cardiovascular Surgery Intensive Care Unit
Halil İbrahim Ölçüm 1 ,Kelime Özşen 2 ,Adem İlkay Diken 3 ,Ece Yazla 4 ,Mehmet Emrah Karadere 4
1Hitit Üniversitesi, Çorum Erol Olçok Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Psikiyatri Kliniği, Çorum, Türkiye
2Hitit Üniversitesi Çorum Erol Olçok Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Kalp ve Damar Cerrahi Kliniği, Çorum, Türkiye
3Hitit Üniversitesi, Kalp ve Damar Cerrahi Anabilim Dalı, Çorum, Türkiye
4Hitit Üniversitesi, Ruh Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Çorum, Türkiye
DOI : 10.5152/dcbybd.2018.1906 Objective: In this study, we primarily aimed to determine “needs” and “anxiety and depression symptom levels” among families of patients who were followed up in cardiovascular surgery intensive care unit (ICU). Furthermore, we sought to investigate the association of anxiety and depression with these needs.

Material and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted with relatives of 99 patients who were hospitalized for minimum 24 and maximum 72 hours in cardiovascular surgery ICU. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Critical Care Family Need Inventory were applied. Percentages and averages were used in descriptive statistics. Moreover, t-test and One Way ANOVA tests were used for comparisons between the gender and relationship groups. Pearson’s two-way correlation analysis was used to determine the association between scores obtained from above mentioned scales.

Results: The “anxiety” and “depression” subscale scores of female relatives were higher than those of male relatives. The “information” need scores of spouses were higher than those of other family members, and depression level scores of spouses were higher than those of non-consanguineous relatives. Moreover, “proximity/assurance” and “anxiety and depression” subscale scores were related.

Conclusion: Patients’ relatives show high anxiety and depression symptoms and they strongly need proximity and assurance. Meeting these requirements may reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression. Keywords : Cardiovascular diseases, intensive care unit, family, needs, anxiety, depression